Homeland Security Act
Following the 9/11 attacks, with a heightened focus on protecting Americans from terrorism, President Bush signed the Homeland Security Act in 2002.
The Homeland Security Act of 2002 was introduced in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks and subsequent mailings of anthrax spores. The act was co-sponsored by 118 members of Congress and signed into law by President George W. Bush in November 2002. The Homeland Security Act created the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the new cabinet-level position of Secretary of Homeland Security.